Long Island Rail Road 190th Anniversary
April 24th, 2024

On April 24, 1834, the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) was officially chartered by the State of New York.  In 1900, the Pennsylvania Railroad bought a controlling interest as part of its plan for direct access to Manhattan, N.Y., which began on Sept. 8, 1910. The Pennsylvania Railroad subsidized the LIRR into the late 1940s.  This provided the financial basis for support of expansion and upgrades to service and infrastructure.

At the end of World War II, there began a decline of LIRR with a corresponding loss of fare revenues.  The Pennsylvania Railroad began to reduce financial support as well.  This played a part
in the LIRR going into receivership in 1949.  In recognition of the role the LIRR played in the economy of both Long Island and New York City (NYC), New York State (NYS) began providing financial assistance to the LIRR in the 1950s and 1960s.

The "Route of the Dashing Dan" was officially chartered on April 24, 1965 by the state of New York.  Prior to 1965, the LIRR derived almost 100% of its funding for both capital and operating expenses from fares.  Chartered by the State Legislature in 1965 as the Metropolitan Commuter Transportation Authority (MCTA), it was created to purchase and operate the bankrupt LIRR.

In 1966, NYS bought the railroad's controlling stock from the Pennsylvania Rail Road and put it under the newly formed MCTA.  The MCTA changed its name to the MTA in 1968 when it took over operations of the NYC Transit Authority.

With MTA subsidies, the LIRR modernized further and grew into the busiest commuter railroad in the United States.  During the past 50 years, several billion dollars in combined county, city, state and federal taxpayers generated dollars have subsidized both the capital and operating costs for the LIRR.    MassTransitMag.com - Larry Penner April 26, 2024

Long Island Rail Road April 24, 1834 Charter
Archive: LIST-NRHS  - Sunrise Trail

LIRR 190th Anniversary logo 1834-2024
Photo/Archive: NYC Subway Life

190th Anniversary - LIRR motive power arrival order:
M9, M7, DM30AC, M3 at Westside Yard - 4/24/2024

M9 - September 11, 2019
M7 - October 30, 2002
DE30AC - 1998
M3 - September 10, 1985

Long Island Rail Road, President Rob Free, commemorates the 190th Anniversary of the LIRR on Wednesday, April 24, 2024 at Grand Central Madison. 

Photos: Marc A. Hermann / MTA

Long Island Rail Road Historian, Dave Morrison, providing historical background for the 190th Anniversary of the LIRR. 


Long Island Rail Road display case exhibits, at Grand Central Madison,  for the 190th Anniversary of the LIRR
Note: Click to enlarge to read the exhibit item note cards.

The 190th Anniversary of the Long Island Rail Road
 Long Island Sunrise Trail (LIST) Chapter - NRHS 4/2024

The 190th Anniversary of the Long Island Rail Road
Index page 5  LIST-NRHS 4/2024

The 190th Anniversary of the Long Island Rail Road
 LIST-NRHS back cover 4/2024

LIRR 190th Anniversary presentation at Grand Central Madison - LIRR President Rob Free - Display case exhibits