Long Island Railroad - Native American Names
For example: Unkechaug (the word "Unkechaug" has had varied historical spellings) The nation is also known as the Patchoag, Patchogue or Patachogue.
The overall general consensus is that when Long
Island was first discovered/settled by the European explorers it was inhabited by
13 tribes or groups of Indians. They all belonged to the great tribe known
as the Delaware Indians, belonging specifically to the Algonquin family. A
tribe was an independent nation with its own territory (Long Island)
leaders, and their language.
On the south side, from west to east, were the Canarsee, Rockaway, Merric, Marsapeague, Secatogue, and Unkechaug lived on the south shore. On the north shore were the Matinecock, Nesaquake, Setalcott, and Corchaug (Cutchogue). On the east end of the Island were the Shinnecock, Manhasset (Shelter Island) and the Montauks.
LIRR Heavyweight Parlor Cars
LIRR parlor cars that were named after Onteora
| Harold Throop worked for the
LIRR as the General Manager of the Passenger Department from the
mid-60s until his retirement in 1971; and yes, his signature was on all the tickets. He was the 3rd ranking official at the railroad at that time.
Approximately 30 of these parlor cars were obtained by the LIRR in the mid-60s. Most of them were purchased from the Pennsylvania Railroad for next to nothing. My Dad was involved in the purchase of these cars, and recalled going to Pennsylvania to look at one of them to determine whether the LIRR should buy it. The railroad's Public Relations department got the job of naming the cars, and decided to name them after locations on Long Island, using mainly Indian names. My Dad went to Paul Blauvelt, the LIRR's Public Relations chief at the time, and suggested that 2 of the cars be
named after Onteora and Wauwepex. Mr. Blauvelt, also an avid Scouter, was enthusiastic about this idea and the cars were so named.
My Dad did not recall the second Onteora car, although it appears that this car (also a fairly old one) replaced the first Onteora car once it was retired. The second Wauwepex car, a modern rail car, was purchased after my Dad retired and the LIRR was made part of the MTA, and he was unaware of the
naming of that one as well. Info: William Throop
LIRR Lightweight Passenger Cars
LIRR Tug Boats
|Tug Name||Build Date|
One of the names of Long Island derived from
"the land of the periwinkle" or "country of the ear-shell"
Current LIRR Stations with Indian Names
|LIRR Stations 2014||Station Names - Current Indian Names|
|Cold Spring Harbor|
|Country Life Press|
|East New York|
|East Rockaway||East Rockaway|
|Far Rockaway||Far Rockaway|
|Flushing Main Street|
|Hempstead Gardens||Hempstead Gardens|
|Long Island City|
|Massapequa Park||Massapequa Park|
|Mastic Shirley||Mastic Shirley|
|New Hyde Park|
|West Hempstead||West Hempstead|
LIRR Indian Names Locations no Longer Active
Opened: sometime after 1903 for employees of neighboring fish processing plants. Appears as signal stop in special instructions of ETT #27: 6/25/1903. R. Emery states station razed: 12/5/27 and station stop discontinued, however ett #107: 12/26/27 lists station stop in schedule pages but no stops indicated. No longer indicated in ETT #108: 5/23/28 (Art Huneke data)
The Dutch originally colonized New York, shortly afterward in 1652 a group of Englishmen from the Massachusetts Bay Colony came and settled in the Dutch colony. They founded a town they called Newtown, which included Whitepot, which later became Forest Hills. There are two legends that surround the origin of the name Whitepot or Whiteput. The first being The Dutch had named it for the hollow or pit, "put" in Dutch, that was formed by a dry river bed in the area. The second legend is that the land was sold to settlers, by the local Indians, for three white clay pots.
built 1910 with opening of Glendale cutoff located at Fleet St.
(formerly White Pot Rd.) under-grade crossing south of Whitepot
Jct. listed on ETT #58, effective: 9/8/1910. No indication of
station building, no trains indicated as stopping there, and it
does not appear on public timetables at all. Last listed on
ETT #69, effective. 5/25/13, missing from ETT effective: 5/27/14.
Research: Dave Keller
Research: Dave Keller
Matawok (Forest Hills West): A short-lived station immediately east of the junction (Whitepot Jct.) of the Main Line and Rockaway Beach Line. Station at 66th St. Built for the Matawok Land Co. which was developing Forest Hills West. 400' wooden platforms with access by means of two spans over the Main Line and seven spans over the Rockaway Line. Opened 06/25/1922 and abandoned 07/1925 Vincent Seyfried
|There seems to be an interesting history associated with the name
"Matawok" referring to the place Long Island. As background, an
Algonquian native nation variously identified as Matouac, Matouwac, Metoac
(Dutch) or Montaukett (English) inhabited all
of Long Island east of the present-day Queens County line.
A Dutch map (1635) of Northeast Native territories shows the Matouwac territory of Long Island.
Matouwac Research Center for further info.
miles east of Yaphank and 2 miles west of Manor. Appears on
the 1852-53 timetable only. Also used as a meeting/passing
Info: Art Huneke
|Miscellaneous LIRR Indian Lore:|
grave of Reverend Paul
Cuffee, an Indian
of the Shinnecock Tribe. In years past, the LIRR engineers would
always toot the horn a few times when passing by the Chief's grave. I
believe that tradition has now been lost. Info: Dave Morrison
I'm aware of many more that never made it, just in
my Islip locale, for example: Winganhauppauge school and Creek (between
Islip/East Islip), Orowoc Creek (Bay Shore), Awixa Creek Area (Bay
Shore/Islip), and PENATAQUIT: the former name of Bay Shore (our Boy Scout
District name, BTW.) The above all part of the Secatogue tribe. The
list might be endless.... :-) Steven Lynch
|"Indian Place-Names On Long Island and Islands Adjacent With Their Probable Significations" by: William Wallace Tooker, Algonkinist|