Long Island Rail Road 
Historical Data


The purpose of this page is to compile historical information, reports, tables, opinions, and any other information obtained that may be lost to future LIRR rail researchers. Steven Lynch

LIRR Car Load Reports

LIRR Scheduled Freight Service

LIRR 1977 Carload Report
LIRR 1978 Carload Report
LIRR 1983 Carload Report

LIRR 1985 Carload Report
LIRR 1986 Carload Report
LIRR 1987 Carload Report

LIRR 1988 Carload Report
LIRR 1989 Carload Report

LIRR 1990 Carload Report
LIRR 1991 Carload Report
LIRR 1992 Carload Report

LIRR Scheduled Freight Service 8/06/1971
LIRR Scheduled Freight Service 4/07/1975
LIRR Scheduled Freight Service 6/17/1985

LIRR Freight and Yard Crew Assignments

LIRR Freight and Yard Crew Assignments 6/09/1986

LIRR Tower Renaming - 1937 LIRR Fleet List 2008

Book of Rules

Tower Renaming of 1937

MOE Dep't - June 30, 2008

LIRR Book of Rules - Signal Aspects - 07/01/1926 (Dave Keller)

Employee Timetables (ETT) PRR Record of Transportation Lines - LIRR 1940

LIRR Passenger and Freight Stations 1955
Extracted from PR Station Index Publication A.D. 80.

ETT #4 GO401 - May 2012
ETT #7 GO701 - June 2021
GO 701- Infrastructure Projects Appendix A-2
LIRR pages PRR Record of Transportation Lines LIRR Passenger and Freight Stations, including staffed passenger stations, non-agency passenger stops, freight stations (full service stations and unstaffed (non-agency) sidings), part-time sales agents, junctions and interchanges revised as of 1/01/1955. Extracted from PRR Station Index Publication A.D. 80. Archive: Kevin Wong
LIRR Branch Closings

The Manhattan Beach branch shut down in 1924.
The Whitestone branch shut down in 1932.
The Wading River Ext. and Sag Harbor branch out of service in 1939. (Last revenue train from Wading River was in Oct, 1938)
The Manorville/Eastport spur shut down in 1949.
The Rockaway Beach branch over Jamaica Bay and connection to Far Rockaway when at Mott Ave. was gone by 1955 when it became part of the NYCTA.
The Cedarhurst cut-off, Bethpage branch and thru-tracks between Mineola and West Hempstead/Valley Stream were gone by 1960.
The Creedmoor branch was gone in 1966.
The Old Northport spur was abandoned in 1980.  Research: Dave Keller

CR-4 List of Stations and Sidings General Notices LIRR Official Guide 1971

August 1, 1901
July 1, 1903
January 1, 1908
March 1, 1913
September 1, 1919  Montauk Division:  Merrick-Bridgehampton
July 1, 1924  Montauk Division:  Islip-Easthampton
September 1, 1944*
October 1, 1948*

Note*: These issues are Modified CR4's and do not, sadly, list all of the sidings any more. It does list all of the stations, yard capacities, floats, and, most importantly, the freight schedules. It seems they were issued every 4-6 years.

General Notice 2-46 12/05/2016
General Notice 2-47 12/05/2016
General Notice 4-13  7/16/2018
General Notice 4-20  8/27/2018
General Notice 4-21  9/04/2018
General Notice 4-22  9/04/2018
General Notice 4-23  9/10/2018

General Notice 6-13  7/06/2020
General Notice 6-38  11/30/2020
General Notice 6-70  5/08/2021

List of Long Island Railroad stations showing distances from Pennsylvania Station (New York City) and frequency of rail service. Archive: Kevin Wong

LIRR Official Guide map 5/01/1971 Archive: Kevin Wong
Information above courtesy of: Jeffery Erlitz, unless otherwise noted
1866 LIRR Annual Report  
Block Offices/Train Order Offices/Signal Stations LIRR Ticket Offices

Block Offices/Train Order Offices/Signal Stations open 1916
Archive: Brad Phillips

Ticket Office hours open and closed - 1946
Archive: Brad Phillips

The 1916 listing is of the hours that Block Offices/Train Order Offices/Signal Stations are open.  Some stations are listed, but only because the block was handled at those ticket offices.  They do not necessarily mean that ticket sales are available at all those times. While a block operator could very likely be working in a station ticket office at the same time that office was open for ticket sales, he may have been working a later trick (shift) at the station AFTER the ticket office was closed to ticket sales. A more later-day example of this was Ronkonkoma.  After the ticket office closed, the block operator pulled a shade down over the large glass ticket window and the trackside bay window so passengers wouldn't keep bothering him to buy tickets after hours. Info: Dave Keller

LIRR Historical Date Listings

LIRR 1924 Listing     LIRR 1931 Listing    LIRR 1970 Listing
LIRR 1925 Listing     LIRR 1932 Listing    LIRR 1973 Listing
LIRR 1926 Listing     LIRR 1933 Listing
LIRR 1927 Listing     LIRR 1934 Listing
LIRR 1928 Listing
LIRR 1929 Listing
LIRR 1930 Listing

LIRR historical data consolidated from Christopher T. Baer's: A General Chronology of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company Its Predecessors and Successors and Its Historical Context 
July 2008  Edition. Stored at the Hagley Museum Wilmington, DE

LIRR Saved Collections

Queens Borough Public Library, Jamaica, NY
Robert Emery Collection: SUNY Stony Brook, NY
George Brainerd: Brooklyn Public Library
Charles B. Cheney: Smithsonian Institution

Oyster Bay Museum (OBRM) Oyster Bay, NY
Railroad Museum of Long Island (RMLI) Riverhead, NY

PRR Technical Historical Society: Chronology History pages by Christopher T. Baer

The NRHS National Library in Philadelphia (closed at the end of February 2008 with the contents placed in a library relocation storage facility) had books, timetables and ephemera from the LIRR.

The collection also included a archive of various Chapter newsletters which included the Long Island Sunrise Trail Chapter "Semaphore" and the Twin Forks Chapter's own publication which was mailed
to NRHS National as part of the newsletter exchange program that various NRHS chapters had with one another. Newsletters issued from March 2008 to the present time have been added thanks to a
small group of dedicated NRHS members that chose to continue this archive work.

The stored NRHS Library contents may be either added to a existing transportation library or may be used to create a new Library facility - the NRHS Library contents may be going to the campus
of Southern Methodist University in Dallas,TX if arrangements can be worked out. Info: Mike McEnaney

Local libraries and historical societies have material scattered about: Islip, Great River, and Montauk for example. 


Historical question about the LIRR's reason it came into being:

In response to your historical question about the LIRR's reason it came into being:

http://www.trainsarefun.com/lirr/lirr100/lirr100.htm  LIRR 100 Year Anniversary Pamphlet 1934 History
http://www.dunton.org/archive/LongIslandRailroad.htm History of the Long Island Rail Road by Peter Ross
http://www.trainsarefun.com/lirr/lirrmapexpansion.htm Bob Andersen LIRR expansion maps

Long Island's geology played a major role in the early rail lines development. The flat post glacial flood plain in the center of the Island had no major obstacles to cross, near zero grades and no horse crossings to deal with. That's why the Pine Barrens was chosen. High speed all the way to Greenport to get the NY City to Boston traffic. The rail line and investment was purely to get the NY- Boston traffic. 

With the ability to bridge the rivers of southern Connecticut as technology advanced the LIRR link to Boston died. Info: Steven Lynch

 How did the LIRR pick the names for the Parlor Cars?

They were American Indian names. Since Long Island had a very historical American Indian heritage, many towns were named after Indian tribes or titles. These names were also used, in turn, on the old heavyweight parlors:

Jamaica (An American Indian name, not the Caribbean Island)
Onteora (an upstate NY Indian name)
Wauwepex means "place of good water".

In addition to the LI names, there were the upstate NY names, which were taken from the six-nation Iroquois 

Cayuga Club
Mohawk Club
Oneida Club
Onondaga Club
Seneca Club
Tuscarora Club

There were originally 13 tribes on Long Island and they were listed in the old poem:

“The thirteen tribes of common stock 
Peopled this isle called Paumanok  (Paumanok translated: fish-shaped island)
Before the white man came along 
And took it over for a song . . . . “

Research: David Keller

LIRR Paint Schemes Time Line

Alco S and RS1s and the Baldwin's were delivered in black

Tichy (All passenger cars, some DD1 electric locos) 11/1/49 to 11/1/52 through 1955
Tichy (Diesels: C-liners arrived in this scheme 1950. 1950-1955 Others were repainted up until 11/1/52)

Tuscan Red with gold Deluxe lettering Until 1940-41 (all passenger cars, loco tenders)
Tuscan Red with gold Futura lettering 1940-41 (some passenger cars, loco tenders)
Tuscan Red with gold Deluxe lettering spaced 1942-1950+ further apart (all passenger cars, loco tenders) 

Tichy (all psgr cars, some DD1 electric locos, 1950-1955 some diesel locomotives) 

Dark gray with orange (all psgr. cars, diesel 1955-1961 locomotives)

Charcoal gray (Goodfellow gray) (all psgr. cars) 1962-1964
Charcoal gray (Goodfellow gray) with orange nose (diesel locomotives)
Charcoal gray with orange stripe (N.Y. World’s Fair 1964-1968 colors: passenger cars) 
Charcoal gray (Goodfellow gray) with orange wave (diesel locomotives)

MTA blue and yellow (diesel locomotives) 1968-1976
MTA Platinum Mist (passenger cars) 1968-end of push-pull service 

Research: David Keller

LIRR Assigned Letters and Numbers to all their Stations Scheme

The LIRR assigned Letters and Numbers to all their Stations Scheme; the letters designated the branch. The numbers designated distance from LI. City.

L23 was L for the Long Beach branch and 23 for 23 miles from L. I. City = Long Beach station
H21 was H for the Hempstead branch and 21 miles from L. I. City = Hempstead station

They couldn't use M for Montauk branch because M was used for the Manhattan Beach branch (Vanderveer Park, located on the Bay Ridge branch, but originally a station stop on the Manhattan Beach branch) and still in use as a freight station in the 1950s was still referred to as M-11) and G (Greenport branch) was used for the Main Line, so they used S for South Shore, representing the Montauk branch. Hence: S16 was S for the Montauk branch and 16 for 16 miles from L. I. City = Valley Stream station.

Atlantic branch was A
Bay Ridge branch was B
Belmont Park was Z
Bushwick branch was BU
Central branch was C, which included Garden City (C-20), Island Trees (C-26) and South Farmingdale (C-29) (Strange about Garden City, because Stewart Manor was H-16 and Nassau Blvd.
H-17 . . . . Hempstead branch)
Evergreen branch was E
Far Rock branch was F (although Inwood was Z-20!)
Hempstead and West Hempstead (before 1932) branches were "H"
Long Island City was X, a carry over from the days when the main dispatchers' office at LIC pre-1913 Jamaica was referred to as "X"
Main Line, as mentioned above, was G, however, Jamaica was S-10!
Manhattan Beach branch was M
Oyster Bay branch was O
Port Jefferson/Wading River branch was P
Port Wash branch was N (North Side branch: original name for Port Wash branch)
Rockaway Beach branch was R
Sunnyside Yard was S
West Hempstead branch was W, after Whitestone branch shut down in February, 1932. Prior to that the West Hempstead branch stations were designated "H" although I don't know why, as some of the Hempstead branch stations were designated "H" yet others were designated "C" for Central branch.
Whitestone branch was W, until shutdown February 1932

Research: Dave Keller