Long Island Rail Road 
Historical Data


The purpose of this page is to compile historical information, reports, tables, opinions, and any other information obtained that may be lost to future LIRR rail researchers. Steven Lynch

LIRR Car Load Reports LIRR Scheduled Freight Service

LIRR 1977 Carload Report
LIRR 1978 Carload Report
LIRR 1983 Carload Report

LIRR 1985 Carload Report
LIRR 1986 Carload Report
LIRR 1987 Carload Report

LIRR 1988 Carload Report
LIRR 1989 Carload Report

LIRR 1990 Carload Report
LIRR 1991 Carload Report
LIRR 1992 Carload Report

LIRR Scheduled Freight Service 8/06/1971
LIRR Scheduled Freight Service 4/07/1975
LIRR Scheduled Freight Service 6/17/1985

LIRR Freight and Yard Crew Assignments

LIRR Freight and Yard Crew Assignments 6/09/1986

LIRR Tower Renaming of 1937 LIRR Fleet List 2008 Book of Rules
Tower Renaming of 1937

MOE Dep't - June 30, 2008

LIRR Book of Rules - Signal Aspects - 07/01/1926 (Dave Keller)

CR-4 List of Stations and Sidings General Notices

August 1, 1901
July 1, 1903
January 1, 1908
March 1, 1913
September 1, 1919  Montauk Division:  Merrick-Bridgehampton
July 1, 1924  Montauk Division:  Islip-Easthampton
September 1, 1944*
October 1, 1948*

Note*: These issues are Modified CR4's and do not, sadly, list all of the sidings any more. It does list all of the stations, yard capacities, floats, and, most importantly, the freight schedules. It seems they were issued every 4-6 years.

General Notice 2-46 12/05/2016
General Notice 2-47 12/05/2016
General Notice 4-13  7/16/2018
General Notice 4-20  8/27/2018
General Notice 4-21  9/04/2018
General Notice 4-22  9/04/2018
General Notice 4-23  9/10/2018

Information above courtesy of: Jeffery Erlitz, unless otherwise noted
LIRR Historical Date Listings

LIRR 1924 Listing     LIRR 1931 Listing    LIRR 1970 Listing
LIRR 1925 Listing     LIRR 1932 Listing    LIRR 1973 Listing
LIRR 1926 Listing     LIRR 1933 Listing
LIRR 1927 Listing     LIRR 1934 Listing
LIRR 1928 Listing
LIRR 1929 Listing
LIRR 1930 Listing

LIRR historical data consolidated from Christopher T. Baer's: A General Chronology of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company Its Predecessors and Successors and Its Historical Context 
July 2008  Edition. Stored at the Hagley Museum Wilmington, DE

LIRR Saved Collections

Queens Borough Public Library, Jamaica, NY
Robert Emery Collection: SUNY Stony Brook, NY
George Brainerd: Brooklyn Public Library
Charles B. Cheney: Smithsonian Institution

Oyster Bay Museum (OBRM) Oyster Bay, NY
Railroad Museum of Long Island (RMLI) Riverhead, NY

PRR Technical Historical Society: Chronology History pages by Christopher T. Baer

The NRHS National Library in Philadelphia (closed at the end of February 2008 with the contents placed in a library relocation storage facility) had books, timetables and ephemera from the LIRR.

The collection also included a archive of various Chapter newsletters which included the Long Island Sunrise Trail Chapter "Semaphore" and the Twin Forks Chapter's own publication which was mailed
to NRHS National as part of the newsletter exchange program that various NRHS chapters had with one another. Newsletters issued from March 2008 to the present time have been added thanks to a
small group of dedicated NRHS members that chose to continue this archive work.

The stored NRHS Library contents may be either added to a existing transportation library or may be used to create a new Library facility - the NRHS Library contents may be going to the campus
of Southern Methodist University in Dallas,TX if arrangements can be worked out. Info: Mike McEnaney

Local libraries and historical societies have material scattered about: Islip, Great River, and Montauk for example. 


Historical question about the LIRR's reason it came into being:

In response to your historical question about the LIRR's reason it came into being:

http://www.trainsarefun.com/lirr/lirr100/lirr100.htm  LIRR 100 Year Anniversary Pamphlet 1934 History
http://www.dunton.org/archive/LongIslandRailroad.htm History of the Long Island Rail Road by Peter Ross
http://www.trainsarefun.com/lirr/lirrmapexpansion.htm Bob Andersen LIRR expansion maps

Long Island's geology played a major role in the early rail lines development. The flat post glacial flood plain in the center of the Island had no major obstacles to cross, near zero grades and no horse crossings to deal with. That's why the Pine Barrens was chosen. High speed all the way to Greenport to get the NY City to Boston traffic. The rail line and investment was purely to get the NY- Boston traffic. 

With the ability to bridge the rivers of southern Connecticut as technology advanced the LIRR link to Boston died. Info: Steven Lynch

 How did the LIRR pick the names for the Parlor Cars?

They were American Indian names. Since Long Island had a very historical American Indian heritage, many towns were named after Indian tribes or titles. These names were also used, in turn, on the old heavyweight parlors:

Jamaica (An American Indian name, not the Caribbean Island)
Onteora (an upstate NY Indian name)
Wauwepex means "place of good water".

In addition to the LI names, there were the upstate NY names, which were taken from the six-nation Iroquois 

Cayuga Club
Mohawk Club
Oneida Club
Onondaga Club
Seneca Club
Tuscarora Club

There were originally 13 tribes on Long Island and they were listed in the old poem:

“The thirteen tribes of common stock 
Peopled this isle called Paumanok  (Paumanok translated: fish-shaped island)
Before the white man came along 
And took it over for a song . . . . “

Research: David Keller

LIRR Paint Schemes Time Line

Alco S and RS1s and the Baldwins were delivered in black

Tichy (All passenger cars, some DD1 electric locos) 11/1/49 to 11/1/52 through 1955
Tichy (Diesels: C-liners arrived in this scheme 1950. 1950-1955 Others were repainted up until 11/1/52)

Tuscan Red with gold Deluxe lettering Until 1940-41 (all passenger cars, loco tenders)
Tuscan Red with gold Futura lettering 1940-41 (some passenger cars, loco tenders)
Tuscan Red with gold Deluxe lettering spaced 1942-1950+ further apart (all passenger cars, loco tenders) 

Tichy (all psgr cars, some DD1 electric locos, 1950-1955 some diesel locomotives) 

Dark gray with orange (all psgr. cars, diesel 1955-1961 locomotives)

Charcoal gray (Goodfellow gray) (all psgr. cars) 1962-1964
Charcoal gray (Goodfellow gray) with orange nose (diesel locomotives)
Charcoal gray with orange stripe (N.Y. World’s Fair 1964-1968 colors: passenger cars) 
Charcoal gray (Goodfellow gray) with orange wave (diesel locomotives)

MTA blue and yellow (diesel locomotives) 1968-1976
MTA Platinum Mist (passenger cars) 1968-end of push-pull service 

Research: David Keller

LIRR Assigned Letters and Numbers to all their Stations Scheme

The letters designated the branch. The numbers designated distance from LI. City.

L23 was L for the Long Beach branch and 23 for 23 miles from L. I. City = Long Beach station
H21 was H for the Hempstead branch and 21 miles from L. I. City = Hempstead station

They couldn't use M for Montauk branch because M was used for the Manhattan Beach branch (Vanderveer Park, located on the Bay Ridge branch, but originally a station stop on the Manhattan Beach branch) and still in use as a freight station in the 1950s was still referred to as M-11) and G (Greenport branch) was used for the Main Line, so they used S for South Shore, representing the Montauk branch. Hence:

S16 was S for the Montauk branch and 16 for 16 miles from L. I. City = Valley Stream station.

Oyster Bay branch was O
Port Wash branch was N (North Side branch: original name for Port Wash branch)
Bay Ridge branch was B
Bushwick branch was also B
Belmont Park was Z
Far Rock branch was F (although Inwood was Z-20!)
Atlantic branch was A
Port Jeff branch was P
Evergreen branch was E
Central branch was C, which included Garden City (C-20), Island Trees (C-26) and South Farmingdale (C-29) (Strange about Garden City, because Stewart Manor was H-16 and Nassau Blvd. H-17 . . . . Hempstead branch)
Main Line, as mentioned above, was G, however, Jamaica was S-10!
West Hempstead branch was W
Long Island City was X, a carry over from the days when the main dispatchers' office at LIC pre-1913 Jamaica was referred to as "X"
Sunnyside Yard was S

Research: Dave Kelller